Universal House of Justice

The Universal House of Justice is the supreme governing body of the Baha’i creed and constitutes of nine members. The next governing body is the National Spiritual Assembly that is responsible for the administration of the Baha’is of a country. Next in rank are the Regional Baha’i councils that act under the supervision of the National Spiritual Assemblies. The lowest level of governance is performed by the Local Spiritual Assemblies.

Members of each of the aforementioned institutions are selected by ballot. All these institutions were originally referred to as Houses of Justice by Bahā’u’llāh but were given other names later on:

“The Lord hath ordained that in every city a House of Justice be established wherein shall gather counsellors to the number of Bahā, and should it exceed this number it doth not matter.”

Reference: Bahā’u’llāh, The Kitābi Aqdas, p. 29.

The Universal House of Justice can legislate new Baha’i laws but may not alter the scriptural laws defined by Bahā’u’llāh and `Abdu’l-Bahā’. Baha’is regard the decrees of the UHJ to be divine and free from error:

“And now, concerning the House of Justice which God hath ordained as the source of all good and freed from all error, it must be elected by universal suffrage, that is, by the believers.”

Reference: Shoghi Effendi, Bahā’ī Administration (US Bahā’ī Publishing Trust, 1974), p. 10.

The duties and method of administration of the UHJ are as follows:

“By this House is meant the Universal House of Justice, that is, in all countries, a secondary House of Justice must be instituted, and these secondary Houses of Justice must elect the members of the Universal one. Unto this body all things must be referred. It enacteth all ordinances and regulations that are not to be found in the explicit Holy Text. By this body all the difficult problems are to be resolved and the guardian of the Cause of God is its sacred head and the distinguished member for life of that body. Should he not attend in person its deliberations, he must appoint one to represent him. Should any of the members commit a sin, injurious to the common weal, the guardian of the Cause of God hath at his own discretion the right to expel him, whereupon the people must elect another one in his stead.”

Reference: Shoghi Effendi, Bahā’ī Administration, p. 10.

No Baha’i member is allowed under any condition to disobey the orders of the UHJ. In many cases, perpetrators have been excommunicated from the Baha’i community.

Readers who have an open mind and are ready to accept the truth may refer to the below blog to get more information:




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