Contradictions Part 3 – Equality Of Men & Women

Q7. Men and Women Have Equal Rights but Women Have No Share in Their Father’s Living Residence

`Abdu’l-Bahā: There must be complete equality between men and women.

“The salvation of the human world will not become complete unless there is complete equality between women and men,”

Reference: `Abdu’l-Bahā, Khaṭābāt (Tehran), vol. 2, p. 150.

Bahā’u’llāh: Female offspring have no share from the deceased’s living residence.

“We have assigned the residence and personal clothing of the deceased to the male, not female, offspring, nor to the other heirs,”

Reference: Bahā’u’llāh, The Kitābi Aqdas, p. 186.

 

Q8. Men and Women Must Have Equal Rights but Women Have a Smaller Share of Inheritance

`Abdu’l-Bahā: For the human world to advance, men and women must have completely equal rights.

“Not until complete equality is achieved between the rights of males and females, the human world will not make astonishing advancements,”

Reference: `Abd al-Ḥamīd Ishrāq Khāwarī, Payām-i malakūt, p.235.

Bahā’u’llāh: Mothers have a smaller share from inheritance compared with fathers as do sisters compared with brothers.

The deceased’s property are split into 2520 portions. Out of these, 1080 are for the children, 390 for the wives, fathers 330, mothers 270, brothers 210, sisters 150, teachers 90

Reference: `Abd al-Ḥamīd Ishrāq Khāwarī, Ganjīniy-i ḥudūd wa aḥkām, chap. 10, pp. 117–119

 

Q9. Men and Women Have Equal Rights except Sometimes Where Women Have No Rights at All.

`Abdu’l-Bahā: There is no distinction between the rights of men and women.

“Men and women are equal in all rights. There is no distinction whatsoever,”

Reference: `Abd al-Ḥamīd Ishrāq Khāwarī, Payām-i malakūt, p.232.

`Abdu’l-Bahā: Even if the only wealth left behind by the deceased is his living residence, the female offspring take no shares from it.

“The living residence belongs to the oldest living son, whether or not the deceased has any other wealth. The oldest living son also takes his share from the other belongings,”

Reference:`Abd al-Ḥamīd Ishrāq Khāwarī, Ganjīniy-i ḥudūd wa aḥkām, chap. 10, p. 128.

 

Q10. Polygamy, Yes or No?

Bahā’u’llāh: Men can only have two wives but I can have three.

“God hath prescribed matrimony unto you. Beware that ye take not unto yourselves more wives than two,”

Reference: Bahā’u’llāh, The Kitābi Aqdas, p. 41.

`Abdu’l-Bahā: Men cannot have two wives.

“It is not permissible for a man to have more than one wife,”

Reference: Bahā’u’llāh, The Kitābi Aqdas, p. 206.

 

11. `Abdu’l-Bahā and Justice in Polygamy

`Abdu’l-Bahā: Observing justice in polygamy is utterly impossible.

“Observance of justice and equity towards two wives is utterly impossible,”

Reference: Bahā’u’llāh, The Kitābi Aqdas, p. 206.

`Abdu’l-Bahā: Observing justice in polygamy is very hard to come by.

“The purpose was to state that polygamy without justice is not allowed and that justice is
very difficult [to achieve],”

Reference: Asad-Allāh Fāḍil Māzandarānī, Amr wa khalq, vol. 4, p. 176.

`Abdu’l-Bahā: In polygamist relations it suffices to be as just as possible.

“You asked about polygamy. According to the text of the Divine Book having two wives is lawful and legal and was never prohibited, rather it is legitimate and allowed. Do not be unhappy, but take justice into consideration so that you may be as just as possible. What has been uttered is that since justice is very difficult [to achieve], therefore peace is in having one wife. But in your case, of course you should not be unhappy.”

Reference: Asad-Allāh Fāḍil Māzandarānī, Amr wa khalq, 131B., vol. 4, p. 174.

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